The effect of climate change on coffee production

Without strong action to reduce carbon emissions, climate change is projected ‘to cut the global area suitable for coffee production by as much as 50 per cent by 2050.’

This is the message delivered by The Climate Institute in a recent report commissioned by Fairtrade – but what are the consequences for the 25 million coffee growers globally who depend on this $19 billion industry?

It means that their livelihoods are increasingly under threat. More variable climatic regimes are reducing crop yields, in some cases due to drought, and in others as a result of more humid conditions, which allow pests like the Coffee Berry Borer and diseases like Coffee Leaf Rust to proliferate. This all adds up to increasingly insecure incomes for smallholder farmer communities, and resulting pressures on factors including diet, health, and access to education.

Easing this trend is paramount. The report recommends that coffee drinkers play their part by learning about the issue and taking a first step by choosing to drink carbon neutral coffee. It also urges companies and organisations in the coffee supply chain to work with coffee farming communities to build their capacity to adapt to climate change and to secure their livelihoods. We’re already working with some of those communities to provide solutions, such as efficient irrigation systems, safe water, solar and clean cooking programmes, that improve livelihoods and at the same time help tackle climate change by reducing carbon emissions.

Click the image to view the report.

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